FORMER ES&A BANK

Location

9-11 MALOP STREET GEELONG, Greater Geelong City

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Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number

H0189

Heritage Overlay Number

HO6

Level of Significance

Registered

79310

Extent of Registration

NOTICE OF REGISTRATION

As Executive Director for the purpose of the Heritage Act 1995, I give notice under section 46 that the Victorian Heritage Register is amended by modifying the following places in the Heritage Register:

Number: H0189
Category: Heritage Place
Place: Former ES&A Bank
9-11 Malop Street
Geelong
Greater Geelong City

All of the place shown hatched on Diagram 189 encompassing all of Lots 1 to 4 on Title Plan 827192.

Dated 7 October 2015
TIM SMITH
Executive Director

[Victoria Government Gazette G40 8 October 2015 p.2142]

Statement of Significance

What is significant?
A branch of the London Chartered Bank of Australia was first opened for business in Geelong in 1853 in Little Malop Street. Three years later tenders were invited for the erection of a new building by architect C. Porter, however this was not built and tenders were called again in 1859 by Melbourne architect, Leonard Terry. The new premises were subsequently opened for business in Malop Street in 1860. A number of banks were built at the west end of Malop Street at this time as it was assumed that the town would develop around the railway station.

The London Chartered Bank of Australia was established in 1852 and in 1859 the main Australian branch was erected in Collins Street, Melbourne. A branch was established in Sydney, another in Geelong and nine branches on the Victorian goldfields. In 1921 it was absorbed by the English, Scottish and Australian Bank and in 1970, merged with the A.N.Z. Bank.

The London Chartered Bank of Australia, together with other banking companies, consistently commissioned Leonard Terry to design their bank buildings. At Geelong the two storey building with basement, built of bluestone with Barrabool sandstone facades and parapet, was designed by Leonard Terry in a Renaissance Revival style. The overall composition of the main facade is divided into three vertical bays by rusticated pilasters and both storeys are clearly defined horizontally by wide projecting cornices. The lower storey is heavily rusticated with arched openings and an asymmetrical, protruding bay on one side, while the upper floor contains rectangular openings framed by heavy lintels supported on consoles. Circular motif iron balustrading is used for balconettes and the terrace formed above the protruding lower bay. The north-west side facade contains a detailed recessed central bay with vermiculated rustication at the lower level and a balcony supported on oversized consoles above.

How is it significant?
The former E.S.&.A. Bank, Geelong is of architectural and historical significance to the State of Victoria.

Why is it significant?
The former E.S.&.A. Bank, Geelong is of architectural significance as one of the most distinctive, and one of the earliest, of a large group of bank buildings designed by prolific bank architect Leonard Terry. He designed at least fifty branches for all the major banks, mainly in Victoria, largely in a variety of Renaissance Revival designs.

The former E.S.&.A. Bank, Geelong is of historical significance as an early surviving bank building in Victoria which was constructed at a time of great prosperity in Geelong. It is also of historical significance for its associations with the development of the State as a result of the goldrushes and the wool boom.

[Online Data Upgrade Project 2007]

Year Construction Started 1859
Architectural Style Victorian Period (1851-1901) Renaissance Revival
Heritage Act Categories Registered place
Municipality GREATER GEELONG CITY

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