BREAK O'DAY CO

Location

BOYLES ROAD CORINDHAP, GOLDEN PLAINS SHIRE

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Heritage Inventory (HI) Number

H7622-0196

 

Heritage Inventory Description

The Break-o'-Day shaft cannot be found. The puddler, 8m in diameter, at the apex of the quartz wash heap, is in very poor condition. The central pillar is gone and the trench is only distinguishable by the thick grass cover. There are a couple of arms to the quartz wash heap running generally south and west of the puddler. These arms are 50m by 35m by 2m high, and 50m by 25m wide and 2m high. This site is quite disturbed and it is not possible to interpert the operation of this mine.

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Heritage Inventory Significance: Local

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History

Contextual History:History of Place:
Heritage Inventory History of Site:
Elder's Estate, Rokewood, (June 1868 report notes that this mine is on private property) No. 4 Division, Ballarat
BREAK-O'-DAY GOLD MINING COMPANY
BREAK-O'-DAY COMPANY.
31.05.1865: first lease taken out
06.1865: prospecting their claim by sinking shafts and boring; a little gold has been found at shallow levels.
05.09.1865: tenders called for puddling plant and machinery
26.09.1865: German shaft cleared out to a depth of 42 feet; boiler cleaned and steam engine overhauled
12.1865: water scarse; getting their puddling engine and tramway ready.
03.10.1865: water heavy; to fix pumps
17.10.1865: repairing stamp battery; to start crushing in about 3 weeks
07.11.1865: 2 batteries crushing; to complete third battery shortly
12.1865: erecting steam puddling engine and tramway
08.05.1866: steam engine started on 1 March but found not to be powerful enough; new Tennant 22.25 inch cylinder steam engine purchased for £695 and delivered on claim; to be erected for winding; small steam engine to be kept for pumping and puddling. Contract let to Messrs. Martin, Black Hill Foundry, to supply 550 cast metal rollers for £219 for the wire rope to work on
29.05.1866: erecting the second steam engine
26.06.1866: erecting 22.25 inch cylinder steam engine and boilers;
replacing 500 wooden rollers by cast iron ones for carrying the cable up the incline - about a mile in length - from the workings to the machinery. New engine to haul the trucks; smaller engine to be used for pumping and puddling; erecting a third cast iron puddling machine
06.1866: 35 horsepower steam engine erected; have obtained some good prospects.
25.09.1866: to fix new plunger pump after sinking 20 feet further
28.09.1867: 14.5 inch by 36 inch steam engine for puddling
22.5 inch by 48 inch steam engine for hauling trucks up along an inclined tramway, half a mile long, from the tunnel to the puddling machines; 2 Cornish flue boilers: 27 feet by 6 feet; 3 x 15 foot puddling machines
main working by a tunnel dipping 24 feet in 150 down to the lead, then 1000 feet of lead drives. Horses used to haul the dirt to the main surface tramway. thence by wire rope haulage
29.10.1867: 36,279 trucks of dirt raised for the quarter
03.1868: washed 47894 trucks (each 9 cubic feet) of alluvium for a yield of 2434 ozs 19 dwt for the quarter from a lead 300 feet wide and at a depth of 30 feet.
06.1868: yield of 2424 ozs 16 dwt.
09.1868: machinery removed to No. 2 tunnel; steam engines and boilers overhauled; viaduct, 900 feet long, constructed; 2 x 8 inch house lifts erected
yield of 911 ozs 9 dwt 12 grs.
06.1869: had an increase in gold from alluviums.
08.1869: new boiler built in
06.1870: fall off in the yield.
1866 to 1877: recorded production of 27,116 ozs 5 dwt 8 gr (or 843.43 kg). [4]
Break o'Day Co., south of Laidlaws party, Rokewood,
27.05.1895: a public company which was organised in 1865 to work some ground that had been partly worked over; this company agreed to pay £6000 for the right to mine, £2000 was paid in advance with the balance paid by bills maturing over two years, plus a royalty of 5% on gold obtained and a nominal rent if required; a company of 3000 shares on which each paid £1 with a liability of £9 each in addition; the company's legal office was at Scarsdale; they commenced by putting down bores about 300 feet apart (which were nearly useless), sinking a shaft and erecting a puddling machines; first prospects were worked off with a tub and cradle for a yield of 7 to 8 dwt per load; tunnels were then constructed through the shallow ground and work went on for many years regularily returning 5/- and 10/- dividends; although this company's mining paid so well its profits were not derived from very extensive operations or from expensive appliances; in 1867 its assets were £27,641; all the gold was coarse and nuggety; gold was found everywhere from the surface down to 40 feet, but particularily following a 'mullock bank'; this area must not have been mined very well because it was remined by tributers who sank numerous shallow shafts and found gold on top of the mullock bank and in crevises in the bedrock; other parties in this area also found many nuggets.
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